Strada del Tartufo e della Castagna - Valle del Turano

Glossary

SPOROCARP
Name given to a mushroom’s fruiting body (in our case the truffle’s).

HYPOGEOUS MUSHROOM
A mushroom whose sporocarp develops underground.

GLEBA
Inner mass of the truffle, known as flesh.

HYDNOLOGY
A science that studies hypogeous mushrooms.

HYPHAE
Single or ramified filaments made up by elongated cells, placed in sequence.

MYCELIUM
Vegetative portion of a mushroom formed by an interweaving of elongated hyphae.

MYCORRHIZA
Association between a mushroom and its symbiotic plant, caused by the conglobation of the mycelium in the peripheral root apexes of the plant. Mycorrhiza derives from mykos=fungus and riza =root.

SYMBIOTIC PLANT
A plant that creates a symbiotic relationship with the mushrooms (truffles in our case).

SYMBIOSIS
A mutual relationship: plants give truffles the sugars they cannot produce themselves, because they don’t create the process of chlorophyll photosynthesis (they don’t have leaves) and truffles give plants previously dissolved and more easily assimilated mineral salts. SPORE: A mushrooms’ (in this case truffles) reproduction organ, “seeds” to simplify.

CULTIVATED TRUFFLE GROUND
Artificial mycorrhized plants system aimed at the production of truffles, by bedding them out ex novo.

CONTROLLED TRUFFLE GROUND
Natural truffle growing ground with cultivation improvements aimed at increasing productivity, by bedding out large numbers of mycorrhized plants in an area where truffle is already naturally present.

NATURAL TRUFFLE GROWING GROUND
Spontaneous grouping of one or more truffle-producing plants.

TRUFFICULTURE
The activity concerning artificial truffle cultivation.

WARTS
Protuberances that make up the peridium (skin) of black truffles.